310-1Drivers of cyanobacterial diversity and community composition in mangrove soils in southeast Brazil
Autores:Janaina Rigonato (IBILCE-UNESP - Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas - UNESP) ; Angela D. Kent (UI-UC - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) ; Danillo O. Alvarenga (CENA/USP - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura) ; Fernando D. Andreote (ESALQ - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz") ; Raphael M. Beirigo (ESALQ - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz") ; Pablo Vidal-torrado (ESALQ - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz") ; Marli F. Fiore (CENA/USP - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura)


Cyanobacteria act as primary producers of carbon and nitrogen in nutrient-poor ecosystems such as mangroves. This important group of microorganisms plays a critical role in sustaining the productivity of mangrove ecosystems, but the structure and function of cyanobacteria assemblages can be perturbed by anthropogenic influences. The aim of this work was to assess the community structure and ecological drivers that influence the cyanobacterial community harbored in two Brazilian mangroves soils, and examine the long-term effects of oil contamination on these keystone species. For these purposes, mangrove superficial soil from both localities was collected in August 2008, in three different sites into the mangrove (near shore, middle of the mangrove and near the forest). Total DNA was extracted using MoBio kit, following manufacturer instructions. Cyanobacterial 16S rRNA gene was evaluated by means of culture-independent molecular techniques such as PCR DGGE, clone libraries and qPCR. Community DGGE fingerprinting results showed that, although cyanobacterial communities are distinct between the two mangroves, the structure and diversity of the assemblages exhibit similar responses to environmental gradients. In each ecosystem, cyanobacteria occupying near-shore areas were similar in composition, indicating importance of marine influences for structuring the community. Analysis of 16S rRNA sequences revealed the presence of diverse cyanobacterial communities in mangrove sediments, with clear differences among mangrove habitats along a transect from shore to forest. While near-shore sites in both mangroves were mainly occupied by Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus genera, sequences retrieved from other mangrove niches were mainly affiliated with uncultured cyanobacterial 16S rRNA. The most intriguing finding was the large number of potentially novel cyanobacteria 16S rRNA sequences obtained from a previously oil-contaminated site. The abundance of cyanobacterial 16S rRNA sequences observed in sites with a history of oil-contamination was significantly lower than in the unimpacted areas. This study emphasized the role of environmental drivers in determining the structure of cyanobacterial communities in mangrove soils, and suggests that anthropogenic impacts may also act as ecological filters that select cyanobacterial taxa. These results are an important contribution to our understanding of the composition and relative abundance of previously poorly described cyanobacterial assemblages in mangrove ecosystems.

Palavras-chave:  Microbial community ecology, anthropogenic impacts, habitat filtering, cyanobacterial diversity