Under the leadership of Amadeu Cury and Paulo of Goes, after delayed exchange of correspondence, in those bygone days of 1947, the Rio of Janeiro branch of the “Society of American Bacteriologists” was founded, which existed for about 20 years. This society was very active in organizing very popular meetings.
An important fact for the creation of the Brazilian Society of Microbiology was the participation and catalytic action of the Microbiology Institute of the University of Brazil, founded at the start of the 1950s by Prof. Paulo de Goes, then full professor of microbiology of the School of Pharmacy of the University of Brazil in the building reformed from the refectory of the old Hospício Nacional. The pioneering work of Paulo de Goes can be measured not only by the creation of an institute concerned with teaching and research in microbiology, but also by the publication, in 1951, of Volume I of the Annals of Microbiology, annual publication of the Institute. Also essential was the force and prestige of the many research scientists of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute.
On May 30, 1955, during the 1st Symposium on the Development of Microbiology in Brazil, organized by the Rio de Janeiro branch of “SAB,” then under the presidency of Prof. Milton Thiago de Mello, taking place in Rio de Janeiro, it was formally suggested that there was a need for the creation of the Brazilian Society of Microbiology, parallel with SAB, with the establishment of a journal containing all the scientific works of the country, including those of microbiology, called the Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia.
In 1959, the REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE MICROBIOLOGIA, official organ of the Brazilian Society of Microbiology was created, whose Volume I, Number 1, was published in January-March 1959, with 64 pages, 7 complete articles, 4 notes and a broad news section, including the history of the founding of the Society and the statutes. The President of the Technical Commission, Chief Editor was Milton Thiago de Mello.
Despite the enthusiasm of the first years, it became impossible to promote national meetings due to the progressively diminished interest, plus in 1962 the International Center for Microbiological Documentation was created in Paris, utilizing electronic computation (IBM). These two factors led to the publication of the last issue of the Journal, corresponding to Volume 4, 1963. In the Rio de Janeiro section, however, there were elections for the directory, all the years, and scientific meetings.
In 1969, after many conversations among microbiologists from various parts of the country, those interested in reviving the society and with the essential support of Prof. Amadeu Cury, then the director of the Microbiology Institute, and of Laerte de Andrade, president of the Rio de Janeiro section of SBM, a commission constituted by Italo Suassuna, Ivone Rocco Suassuna, Laerte M. de Andrade and Wilson Chagas of Araujo, summoned the first national meeting of members of SBM, with the sponsorship of CAPES and CNPQ, under the denomination of the 1st JORNADA DE MICROBIOLOGIA, under the presidency of Amadeu Cury, in the period of November 4 to 5, 1969 in the Microbiology Institute of UFRJ, on the Praia Vermelha campus, in then Guanabara State.